How can you lower naturally lower your blood pressure? Lifestyle factors such as diet can have a big impact on managing hypertension.
Limiting your salt intake is helpful for lowering blood pressure, but it’s only part of the equation. What you do eat matters, too.
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy products can help you get your blood pressure under control.
If you've been diagnosed with high blood pressure, you may be wondering if the foods you eat could play a role in your condition. The answer is yes. Lifestyle factors such as diet can have a major impact on lowering blood pressure. In fact, some older adults are able to get their blood pressure under control just by changing what they eat. This in turn can potentially reduce or even eliminate their need for blood pressure medication.
What about salt and high blood pressure?
It's well-understood that salt, which is primarily made up of the mineral sodium, can contribute to high blood pressure levels. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Americans consume far more sodium than they need. The 2020–2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans advise that adults should consume less than 2,300 mg of sodium each day. If you have high blood pressure, the American Heart Association recommends an intake of no more than 1,500 mg daily.
While watching your salt intake is important, it's only one part of the equation. If you want to reduce your risk of heart attack, stroke, and other complications, fill your plate with blood pressure-friendly foods.
How to lower blood pressure with food
What food lowers blood pressure quickly? What is the fastest way to lower blood pressure naturally? Here are 10 foods that can promote normal blood pressure levels and support your overall health:
- Unsweetened yogurt. A recent study showed that yogurt may produce positive blood pressure outcomes for those with hypertension.1 This is attributed to its high amounts of the minerals calcium, potassium, and magnesium—all thought to help regulate blood pressure. Look for unsweetened natural and Greek yogurts, which can be blended with fruits, seeds, and nuts for a healthy breakfast or snack.
- Berries: Strawberries and blueberries are rich in antioxidant compounds called anthocyanins. Research has linked anthocyanins to a reduction in blood pressure in people with hypertension.2 In more good news, berries are delicious! Sprinkle them over your yogurt, cereal, or oatmeal, or enjoy them as a sweet afternoon snack.
- Beets: This root vegetable is high in nitric oxide, a compound that's been shown to reduce systolic blood pressure.3 Try beets as a side dish or add it raw to salads. You can even purchase beetroot juice (with no added sugar) to drink on its own or add to smoothies.
- Sweet potatoes: Loaded with magnesium, potassium, and fiber, this side dish superstar is a delicious way to lower blood pressure.
- Leafy greens: Cabbage, collard greens, spinach, kale, and other greens are high in nitrates, which have been found to offer blood pressure benefits.4 It's easier to get your daily dose of greens by varying how you eat them. For example, you can sauté spinach for a tasty side dish, add fennel to soup, or bake a batch of kale chips in the oven.
- Fatty fish: Salmon and mackerel are packed with heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D, nutrients that can help lower and regular blood pressure. Just lightly season your favorite filet, add a dash of olive oil, and broil in the oven.
- Whole grains (especially oatmeal): Oats and other whole grains contain a type of fiber called beta-glucan, which may lower both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Start your morning with a bowl of unsweetened oatmeal, use whole-grain bread for your lunch sandwiches, or have a side of seasoned quinoa with dinner.
- Pistachios: One study showed that eating pistachios can lower blood pressure during stressful times.5 These healthy nuts, best eaten unsalted, can add crunch and flavor to salads of all kinds. You can also blend them into pesto or enjoy a couple of handfuls as a snack.
- Bananas: Just one medium-sized banana packs a powerful potassium punch: 422 milligrams, to be exact. Beans, tomatoes, mushrooms, and avocado are other potassium-rich foods that may help lower blood pressure naturally.
- Kiwifruit: According to one study, eating three kiwifruit daily can help dramatically lower blood pressure.6 Kiwi is delicious chopped up in fruit salad or sprinkled on top of plain yogurt.
The foods listed above fit into the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet guidelines. DASH is an eating plan recommended by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). It's been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease by lowering high blood pressure and improving cholesterol levels. The DASH plan generally focuses on:
- Eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
- Limiting sugar-sweetened beverages and desserts.
- Limiting foods high in saturated fat.
- Consuming fat-free or low-fat dairy products.
- Eating fish, poultry, beans, nuts, and vegetable oils.
Foods to avoid with high blood pressure
We've discussed how to lower blood pressure by eating right. But what foods should you skip if you have hypertension? Below are some foods that raise blood pressure quickly or over time. Consume them in careful moderation or avoid them altogether:
- Fatty meats, and processed meats such as hot dogs and sausage
- Salted snacks like pretzels and potato chips
- Canned soups and vegetables
- Dried soup mixes
- Deli meat
- Fast food
- Potato chips
- Salted popcorn
- Salted nuts
- Whole-milk dairy products
- Condiments (ketchup, salad dressing)
- Pickled food in brine
- Boxed mixes for rice, pasta, and potatoes
SNAP and healthy eating habits go hand in hand
If you want to lower your blood pressure naturally—but you’re having trouble affording healthy food—you may be a candidate for SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program). SNAP provides monthly financial assistance that can help you stretch your food budget further.
For older adults like Kellee Lightfoot, age 87, SNAP can provide much-needed breathing room. After paying for rent and utilities, Lightfoot says, there isn't much left over to buy food. She applied for SNAP and now receives $180 a month in benefits.
I can purchase foods that support my diabetic diet," Lightfood said.
Checking your SNAP eligibility is fast and easy with NCOA's online benefits screening tool. Just visit BenefitsCheckUp.org and select your state of residence. If you need additional assistance, we’ll put you in touch with someone who can guide you through the SNAP application process.
1. University of South Australia. A daily dose of yogurt could be the go-to food to manage high blood pressure." ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 7 December 2021. Found on the internet at https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2021/12/211207152554.htm
2. Aedín Cassidy, Éilis J O’Reilly, Colin Kay, Laura Sampson, Mary Franz, JP Forman, Gary Curhan, Eric B Rimm, Habitual intake of flavonoid subclasses and incident hypertension in adults, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 93, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 338–347. Found on the internet at https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.110.006783
3. Harvard Health Publishing. A new ways to "beet" high blood pressure? Harvard Medical School. Feb. 14, 2015. Found on the internet at https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/a-new-way-to-beet-high-blood-pressure
4. Hobbs DA, George TW, Lovegrove JA. The effects of dietary nitrate on blood pressure and endothelial function: a review of human intervention studies. Nutr Res Rev. 2013 Dec;26(2):210-22. doi: 10.1017/S0954422413000188. Epub 2013 Oct 18. PMID: 24134873. Found on the internet at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24134873/
5. West SG, Gebauer SK, Kay CD, Bagshaw DM, Savastano DM, Diefenbach C, Kris-Etherton PM. Diets containing pistachios reduce systolic blood pressure and peripheral vascular responses to stress in adults with dyslipidemia. Hypertension. 2012 Jul;60(1):58-63. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.111.182147. Epub 2012 Jun 4. PMID: 22665124; PMCID: PMC3862178. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3862178/
6. Svendsen M, Tonstad S, Heggen E, Pedersen TR, Seljeflot I, Bøhn SK, Bastani NE, Blomhoff R, Holme IM, Klemsdal TO. The effect of kiwifruit consumption on blood pressure in subjects with moderately elevated blood pressure: a randomized, controlled study. Blood Press. 2015 Feb;24(1):48-54. doi: 10.3109/08037051.2014.976979. Epub 2014 Dec 8. PMID: 25483553. Found on the internet at https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25483553/