Best Mattress for Back Pain in 2024: 9 Beds Tested by Experts

May 22, 2024
Fact Checked
We researched and tested multiple mattress brands and models to choose the top 9 options suited to help manage your back pain.
Written by: Nicole Hernandez, DPT
Medical Reviewer: Suzanne Gorovoy, PhD

Key Takeaways

Back pain can range from annoying achiness to debilitating pain. Research shows that up to 84% of the population experiences back pain at some point in their lives, with roughly 23% experiencing chronic lower back pain. [1] Coulter I, et al. Manipulation and Mobilization for Treating Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Spine Journal. May 2018.

Pain throughout your back can significantly affect daily life and sleep quality, so it’s crucial to talk to a health care professional to develop a treatment plan. Everyone’s symptoms are different and require a tailored approach, but addressing sleep quality is one of the most important aspects of recovery, in addition to managing nutrition, stress, and activity levels. Replacing an old, worn mattress could help.

Our Reviews Team developed a comprehensive list of mattress options for back pain based on our testing results. Each one had to offer plenty of pressure relief, surface support, and functional support to make this list. They also meet or exceed the industry standard for trial periods (100 nights), so you can try a mattress for a long time knowing you can return or exchange it if it doesn’t work. We hope our roundup of the best mattress for back pain helps you make the right decision.

Best Mattress for Back Pain Overall: Helix Midnight Luxe

The Helix Midnight Luxe is a hybrid mattress with a medium feel, zoned lumbar support, and great pressure relief. Its responsive coils give you a mobility boost as you reposition or get out of bed, which is an important consideration if your lower back pain is associated with body weakness or morning stiffness.

1
Best Overall
9.3
Excellent
Helix Midnight Luxe
Helix Midnight Luxe
Zoned lumbar support
Great pressure relief
Accommodates a wide range of sleep preferences
100-night trial and 15-year warranty

The best mattresses for back pain in 2024

Compare the best mattresses for back pain as of 2024

Helix Midnight Luxe Helix Midnight Luxe Check Price
Saatva Classic Saatva Classic Check Price
Nectar Premier Nectar Premier Check Price
The WinkBed The WinkBed Check Price
Titan Plus Titan Plus Check Price
Nolah Evolution 15″ Nolah Evolution 15″ Check Price
Bear Elite Hybrid Bear Elite Hybrid Check Price
Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe Check Price
Birch Natural Birch Natural Check Price
Mattress type Hybrid Innerspring Foam Hybrid Hybrid Hybrid Hybrid Hybrid Latex hybrid
Firmness Medium Plush soft, luxury firm, firm Medium Softer, luxury firm, firmer, plus Firm Plush, luxury firm, firm, comfort plus Firm Soft, medium, firm Medium
Trial period 100 nights 365 nights 365 nights 120 nights 120 nights 120 nights 120 nights 120 nights 100 nights
Warranty 15 years Limited lifetime Limited lifetime Limited lifetime 10 years Limited lifetime 10 years 10 years 25 years
White-glove delivery* N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

*Free shipping and installation of new mattress and removal of old mattress

Video: Best mattress for back pain in 2024

Check out the video below to learn more about how we chose the best mattresses for back pain with Nicole Hernandez, DPT. As a licensed physical therapist and NCOA mattress reviewer, Nicole explains what we look for to determine whether a mattress is a good fit for those with back pain, and why we chose the options we did.

Our best mattress for back pain picks

Best Overall: Helix Midnight Luxe

Helix Midnight Luxe
Best Overall
Medium-firm mattress with zoned lumbar support and great pressure relief
Accommodates a range of sleep positions
Good functional support for easy and safe bed mobility
Offers a 100-night trial period and exceeds industry standards with a 15-year warranty
Discount: Get 20% off sitewide plus two free pillows with a mattress purchase
Features
  • Rating: 9.3 out of 10
  • Price: $1,373.80–$2,873.80
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Medium
  • Trial period: 100 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping
  • Warranty: 15 years
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king, split California king, short queen, RV king
  • Mattress height: 13.5 inches (″)
Pros and cons of the Helix Midnight Luxe mattress
Pros Zoned lumbar support Great pressure relief Good functional support for easy bed mobility 100-night trial period 15-year warranty Cons No white-glove delivery options Below-average motion isolation for couples Relatively expensive before discounts
Additional Information

Customer service

You can contact Helix Sleep customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 831-777-5976, available Monday through Friday, 12 p.m. to 6 p.m. ET
  • Text: Text “HELIX” to 67069, available Monday through Friday, 12 p.m. to 6 p.m. ET
  • Email: help@helixsleep.com
  • Chat: Live chat via the bottom right corner of the website, available seven days a week, 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. ET
  • Website: Submit a contact form

Payment options

Credit card payment options include Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover. Other options include Shop Pay, Amazon Pay, PayPal, and Google Pay. Helix offers financing through Affirm and Katapult.

Helix currently offers up to 30% off (the discount changes frequently) for military members, first responders, students, and teachers. The discount code can’t be combined with other promotional codes.

Our Top Pick

Our expert take on the Helix Midnight Luxe mattress

The Helix Midnight Luxe is our best overall pick because of its well-rounded composition, which can potentially fit most sleepers’ needs. This hybrid Hybrid mattresses combine the features of both innerspring and foam mattresses, with springs surrounded by a thick comfort layer of foam or latex. mattress has a medium firmness Brands rate firmness on a scale from one to 10. One is the softest, and 10 is the firmest. It’s generally accepted that 6.5 is considered medium on this scale. level and is most comfortable for light- and average-weight sleepers (less than 250 pounds) in any position. Research supports this mattress’s level of firmness as the most helpful for general lower back pain. [2] Caggiari G, et al. What Type of Mattress Should Be Chosen to Avoid Back Pain and Improve Sleep Quality? Review of The Literature. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Dec. 8, 2021

An inside look at the layers of foam and coil that comprise the Helix Midnight Luxe
The Helix Midnight Luxe features a plush pillow top, four layers of foam, and individually wrapped coils.

We gently sank into the pillow top surface during testing, but a coil layer provided great support at the lumbar region of our lower back. This zoned lumbar support filled the lower back’s natural curve to keep the spine in a neutral position. Meanwhile, the coils at the shoulder and hip provided more give to reduce uncomfortable pressure points. According to research, many people with lower back pain find zoned lumbar support comfortable, particularly side sleepers.

Our testers found that the transition layer and coils in the Midnight Luxe were responsive and adapted quickly to changes in pressure, which bolstered its functional support score. This means moving around, changing positions, and getting in and out of bed was relatively easy. Our testers also noticed reinforcement around the edges of the mattress—without good edge support Refers to the bed’s stability along the edges. , the mattress will collapse under your weight, which may increase your risk of falls.

Unfortunately, bouncy coils tend to negatively affect motion isolation The ability of a mattress to keep movement on one side of the bed from affecting the other side.
.

People who sleep with a restless partner will likely feel their movements. If this is a deal-breaker, check out The WinkBed hybrid mattress instead, which does a better job of dampening motion across its surface.

Helix doesn’t currently offer in-home set-up (also known as white-glove delivery). We recommend recruiting help from family, friends, or a local moving service to haul the mattress to your bedroom safely, especially if you’re recovering from a lower back injury. But you do get a 100-night trial period and a 15-year warranty.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Most Supportive: Saatva Classic

Saatva Classic
Most Supportive
Targeted lumbar support through a layer of memory foam and reinforced coils
Protective edge support that helps prevent falling out of bed
High-scoring functional support for easy bed mobility
Excellent customer support, offering free white-glove delivery
Discount:Save up to $300
Features
  • Rating: 9.7 out of 10
  • Price: $1,395–$2,990
  • Material: Innerspring
  • Firmness: Plush soft, luxury firm, firm
  • Trial period: 365 nights
  • Shipping: Free white glove delivery
  • Warranty: Limited lifetime
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king, split king, California split king
  • Mattress height: 11.5″ or 14.5″
Pros and cons of the Saatva Classic mattress
Pros Strong targeted lumbar support Excellent functional support for easy and safe mobility Three firmness options One-year trial period Limited lifetime warranty Free white-glove delivery Cons Relatively expensive before discounts Poor motion isolation for partners
Additional Information

Customer service

You can contact Saatva customer service by:

Payment options

Payment options include Visa, MasterCard, Discover, American Express, Google Pay, and PayPal. Saatva offers financing options through Affirm.

Note that Saatva offers $225 off a purchase of $1,000 or more to adults 65 and older, military members and their families, health care professionals, government employees, and more. Discounts cannot be combined with other offers.

Our expert take on the Saatva Classic mattress

The Saatva Classic is one of the most supportive mattresses our team has tested. It’s an innerspring mattress with a targeted layer of memory foam across the center for added lumbar support. It also offers two layers of coil to provide extra lower-back reinforcement and a responsive surface, which makes movement less effortful. If your health care provider recommends purchasing a mattress with a large amount of support for your back pain, this is a great option.

Our team also likes how Saatva provides options to customize this mattress to the firmness level you prefer. We tested the luxury firm version, which we found slightly firmer than medium at seven out of 10 on the firmness scale, with 6.5 being the true medium per the industry standard. But you can opt for a softer or firmer feel. We think the luxury firm feel is best for back, stomach, and combination sleepers People who sleep in more than one position throughout the night. . But side sleepers may need the softer version to avoid sharp pressure points at the shoulder and hip while still supporting the midsection in a more comfortable, neutral position for the back. [3] Bolton R, et al. Effects of Mattress Support on Sleeping Position and Low-Back Pain. Sleep Science and Practice. May 10, 2022.

The Saatva Classic also offers a good amount of functional support, so we found it quite easy to move on this responsive and bouncy mattress. Our testers loved how it has protective edge support that acts as a boundary around the perimeter of the mattress to help prevent rolling off the bed. This is an important consideration for those with back pain and coinciding mobility issues who feel unsafe repositioning toward the edge of the bed.

Tester sleeping on the edge of the Saatva Classic
We felt safe sleeping close to the edge of the Saatva Classic thanks to the fortified perimeter of foam.

Lastly, Saatva offers unparalleled customer support. The brand offers free-white glove delivery with the mattress, so you don’t have to lift anything and risk reinjuring your back. You also have one year to try your mattress at home, and if you decide to keep it, you receive a limited lifetime warranty.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best for Couples: Nectar Premier

Nectar Premier
Best for Couples
Medium-feel all-foam mattress with excellent motion isolation
Cooler than most other memory foam mattresses during our testing
High level of pressure relief in back- and side-sleeping positions
Exceeds industry standards with a one-year trial period and lifetime warranty
Discount: Up to 40% off mattresses
Features
  • Rating: 9.1 out of 10
  • Price: $1,049–$2,398
  • Material: Foam
  • Firmness: Medium
  • Trial period: 365 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping; white glove delivery available for $199
  • Warranty: Limited lifetime
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king, split king
  • Mattress height: 13″
Pros and cons of the Nectar Premier mattress
Pros High-scoring motion isolation for partners Great pressure relief for back and side sleepers White-glove delivery available for $199 One-year trial period Limited lifetime warranty Cons Poor functional support makes movement more effortful Surface support too gentle for most people who weigh more than 250 pounds
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach Nectar customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 888-863-2827, available seven days a week from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. PT
  • Email: support@nectarsleep.com
  • Chat: Live chat available seven days a week from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. PT

Payment options

Payment options for Nectar include American Express, MasterCard, Visa, Discover, PayPal, and Amazon Pay. Nectar offers financing through Affirm and Splitit and offers a lease-to-own option through Acima.

Military members, first responders, and health care professionals take note: You can get a 5% discount (not to be combined with other offers).

Our expert take on the Nectar Premier mattress

Research shows that just one night of sleep disturbance can increase your perception of pain, negatively impacting your recovery. [4] Staffe A, et al. Total Sleep Deprivation Increases Pain Sensitivity, Impairs Conditioned Pain Modulation, and Facilitates Temporal Summation of Pain in Healthy Participants. PLOS ONE. Dec. 4, 2019 If you want to limit how often your partner’s movement disrupts your sleep during the night, you may need a motion-isolating mattress, like the Nectar Premier.

“Sleep is the brain’s reset button! The brain processes pain. When the brain is well-fed, hydrated, and allowed to get the rest it needs (eight hours uninterrupted sleep) people can experience less pain. If people don’t sleep, they will perceive and experience pain magnified.” — Caryn McAllister, physical therapist at High Quality Home Therapy in Stamford, Connecticut and Rye, New York

This mattress has three layers of memory foam that contour the body and divert force away from areas that build up pressure, like the shoulder and hip, when lying on the side. It’s not as supportive as mattresses that incorporate coil layers or zoned support, but those who find relief from a conforming surface won’t miss it.

 Person laying on a Nectar Premier mattress
Our testers thought side sleeping was comfortable due to the pressure-relieving foam of the Nectar Premier.

These memory foam layers are also responsible for the excellent motion dampening from side to side. To test this, one person on our team lay on one side while another got in bed and moved around. “If I were asleep, there is no way I would notice your movement,” said one of our testers. Our team was impressed.

But if you feel back pain while moving in bed, this bed may not be for you. When our testers dropped a 10-pound ball on the surface to test bounce and sinkage, we noticed the weight cradled into the surface with minimal rebound. Once it settled, there was a moderate amount of sinkage into the memory foam. Testers agreed that lying in the bed feels like you’re “in” the mattress, so repositioning is relatively more difficult than it is on a hybrid or innerspring mattress with responsive coils.

If you want to try this mattress, Nectar offers a one-year trial period, so you can test it out in the comfort of your own home before fully committing. If you keep it, you get a limited lifetime warranty. You can also opt for white-glove delivery at an extra cost ($199), but this offer changes often. Check with customer service at checkout to ensure it’s available with your purchase.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best Trial Period Terms: The WinkBed

The WinkBed
Best Trial Period Terms
120-night trial period with an exchange program designed to allow you to compare options at home
Hybrid composition with pressure-relieving memory foam and supportive coils
Impressive motion isolation for couples
Limited lifetime warranty
Discount: Save $300 on your mattress
Features
  • Rating: 9.4 out of 10
  • Price: $1,149–$2,049
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Softer, luxury firm, firmer, plus
  • Trial period: 120 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping
  • Warranty: Limited lifetime
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king
  • Mattress height: 13.5″
Pros and cons of The WinkBed mattress
Pros 120-night trial period with an exchange program Impressive motion isolation for a hybrid Good functional support Nice balance between support and pressure relief Four firmness levels are available Limited lifetime warranty Cons No white-glove delivery options
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach WinkBeds customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 855-946-5233, Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. ET
  • Email: info@winkbeds.com
  • Chat: Live chat in lower right corner of website, available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. ET

Payment options

Credit card payment options include MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Discover, Shop Pay, Google Pay, and Apple Pay. WinkBeds offers financing through Bread Pay and Katapult.

The company currently offers an additional $50 off for military members and their families, first responders, law enforcement, and health care workers. Unlike other mattress companies, this discount can be combined with other offers.

Our expert take on The WinkBed mattress

Our team tested the luxury firm version of The WinkBed and determined that it’s a well-rounded choice because of its balanced support and pressure relief, good functional support, and true medium-firmness level, which is recommended for those with general lower back pain. [2] Caggiari G, et al. What Type of Mattress Should Be Chosen to Avoid Back Pain and Improve Sleep Quality? Review of The Literature. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Dec. 8, 2021.

From our tester:

“Moving around on this mattress is less stressful than normal. I don’t feel stuck in this mattress at all. When I push up to seating, the surface isn’t too bouncy under my hand, which makes it simpler. And when I stand up, it’s easy, because the mattress is taller than I’m used to.” — Testing assistant and member of the Northern Wake Senior Center in North Carolina

Two people lying on The WinkBed mattress to test motion isolation
During our testing, we noticed that The WinkBed mattress has impressively good motion isolation compared to other hybrids. This is likely due to the individually-encased coils, motion-dampening foam, and the soft Euro pillow top.

But one of the main reasons The WinkBed is on our list is its 120-night trial period terms, which include a unique exchange program for those who want to experiment with firmness levels at home. This brand offers four firmness levels (softer, luxury firm, firmer, plus), and if you don’t like the option you purchase, the company will send you a different firmness level for $49. You get to keep your original purchase and the potential replacement for up to 60 days before deciding to return one. To our knowledge, no other brand allows you to compare two mattresses simultaneously in the comfort of your own home.

All of the brands in our list have a trial period that meets or exceeds the industry standard of 100 nights because no one fully knows if a mattress will work for them unless they try it at home. Making a decision can be especially daunting when you’re unsure whether your mattress will help or exacerbate existing pain. “You want to try to make the right decision. It’s not always possible, but when you decide, you want to make sure that there’s a good return or exchange policy too,” said a focus group participant of eight recent mattress customers. Many participants agreed that clear and fair trial period terms provide peace of mind when it comes time to purchase.

The WinkBed mattress also comes with a lifetime warranty, but unfortunately, white-glove delivery is not yet available. Make sure you get help from a neighbor or local moving service.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best for Heavier People: Titan Plus

Titan Plus
Best for Heavier People
Specifically designed to support higher-weight sleepers (more than 250 pounds)
Offers good pressure relief for back and side sleepers
Good motion isolation for couples
120-night trial period and 10-year warranty
Discount: 25% off your mattress
Features
  • Price: $699–$1,598
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Firm
  • Trial period: 120 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping
  • Warranty: 10 years
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king, split California King
  • Mattress height: 11″
Pros and cons of the Titan Plus mattress
Pros Specifically designed for heavier body weights Good functional support for bed mobility Good motion isolation for couples 120-night trial period 10-year warranty Cons May be too firm for some sleepers No white-glove delivery options
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach Titan (a Brooklyn Bedding brand) customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 623-624-1222, available seven days a week from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. ET
  • Chat: Live chat via the bottom right corner of the Titan website, available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. ET and Saturday through Sunday from 11 a.m to 7 p.m. ET
  • Email: support@brooklynbedding.com
  • Website: Submit a contact form

Payment options

Credit card payment options include Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover. Other options include Shop Pay, PayPal, Amazon Pay, and Google Pay. Titan offers financing through Affirm.

The company currently offers 30% off for military members, first responders, medical providers, students, and teachers. The discount code can’t be combined with other promotional codes.

Our expert take on the Titan Plus mattress

The Titan Plus is our top choice for higher-weight sleepers (more than 250 pounds) looking for a firmer mattress that supports the body yet relieves pressure from joints. Our testers found its surface bouncy with above-average edge support, making this mattress relatively easy to move on. This is important to consider if your back pain is associated with repositioning or getting in and out of bed.

We also like that this mattress has a taller version (the Luxe) with an additional layer of foam padding for extra pressure relief. We recommend the Luxe for those who border on 250 pounds and may prefer more cushion around the shoulder and hip while sleeping on the side. This can also help maintain a more neutral spine position.

Person squishing Titan Plus coil layer
We noticed how dense the coil and foam layers felt, contributing to this mattress’s durability and firmness

The Titan Plus is also surprisingly good at isolating motion. Despite its firm and bouncy surface, the memory foam layers and individually encased coils dampen motion relatively well. This makes it a good choice for light sleepers with restless partners. But it’s not as effective as The WinkBed (specifically, the plus version for heavier body weight), which could be a great alternative if motion isolation is non-negotiable.

Your mattress comes with a 120-night trial period and a 10-year warranty. Unfortunately, white glove delivery is not available for Titan mattresses, so make sure you recruit help from a neighbor or local moving service to avoid injury.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best for Lower Back Pain: Nolah Evolution 15″

Nolah Evolution 15″
Best for Lower Back Pain
Excellent
Zoned support from foam and coil layers, which was comfortable for all sleep positions and body types during our testing
Great functional support for easy mobility
120-night trial period and Limited lifetime warranty
Discount: 35% off sitewide
Excellent
Features
  • Rating: 9.4 out of 10
  • Price: $1,499–$3,198
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Plush, luxury firm, firm, comfort plus
  • Trial period: 120 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping; optional white-glove delivery ($150–$300)
  • Warranty: Limited lifetime
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king, split king
  • Mattress height: 15″
Pros and cons of the Nolah Evolution 15″ mattress
Pros Zoned coil and foam support Great functional support for bed mobility Four firmness options Excellent pressure relief 120-night trial period Limited lifetime warranty Optional white-glove delivery ($150–$300) Cons Relatively expensive before discounts White-glove delivery is a must due to its thickness
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach Nolah customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 866-403-6615, available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. CT
  • Email: support@nolahmattress.com
  • Chat: Live chat via the bottom right corner of the website, available Monday through Friday from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. CT

Payment options

Nolah accepts MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Discover, Shop Pay, and PayPal. Financing is available through Affirm.

The brand currently offers $50 off for military members and their families, as well as health care workers. This discount can’t be combined with other promotional codes.

Our expert take on the Nolah Evolution mattress

The luxury firm version of the 15-inch-thick Nolah Evolution may be one of the best mattresses for lower back pain. During testing, this medium-to-firm supportive mattress relieved pressure on the shoulder and hip, particularly in the side sleeping position. This mattress is also one of the best for edge support, so if you’re concerned about safety as you carefully move on your mattress, the Nolah Evolution 15″ is an excellent choice.

The standout feature of this mattress is its double-zoned support. Nolah uses its own type of foam called AirFoam, which is perforated more at the shoulder and hip to compress easily and relieve pressure. The foam at the center of the mattress is perforated less, making it more dense and supportive at the lower back. Its layer of zoned coils is reinforced toward the center of the mattress to support the lower back.

Person lying on the Nolah Evolution checking for lumbar support under her lower back.
When testing mattresses, we note lumbar support by determining whether there’s a gap between the mattress and the lower back. When one of our testers tried to fit her hand under her back, it was pretty difficult, which means the mattress is making solid contact with her body to provide support.

Our team also recommends this mattress to couples because it has good motion isolation, similar to the Titan Plus. Our testers only felt larger bouncing movements, like getting into bed. But smaller movements are subtle. Couples may also like this mattress because it’s comfortable for most body types and sleep positions. You and your partner will likely enjoy this mattress, even if you have different sleep preferences or injuries.

The Nolah Evolution 15″ has a 120-night trial period and a limited lifetime warranty. White-glove delivery is optional through a third-party site called Load Up and costs between $150–$300, depending on whether you need old mattress removal, set up, or both. If you’re confident you’ll love this mattress, you can remove the trial period and save up to $100.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best for Side Sleepers with Back Pain: Bear Elite Hybrid

Bear Elite Hybrid
Best for Side Sleepers with Back Pain
Coil layers provide gentle zoned support that reinforce spinal alignment when side sleeping
Excellent pressure relief, especially for side sleepers
Good motion isolation for couples
120-night trial period and limited lifetime warranty
Discount:35% off with free accessories
Features
  • Rating: 9.4 out of 10
  • Price: $1,893–$3,920
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Soft, medium, firm
  • Trial period: 120 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping, white glove delivery available ($175)
  • Warranty: Limited lifetime
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king, split king
  • Mattress height: 14″
Pros and cons of the Bear Elite Hybrid mattress
Pros Zoned coil support Three firmness options Excellent pressure relief 120-night trial period Lifetime warranty Cons Relatively expensive before discounts Some may prefer stronger support
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach Bear customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 844-311-0035, available Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. ET
  • Email: support@bearmattress.com
  • Chat: Live chat via the bottom right corner of the website, available Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. ET

Payment options

Bear accepts MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Discover, PayPal, Google Pay, Meta Pay, and Venmo. Financing is available through Affirm and ShopPay.

The brand currently offers a 40% discount for military members, first responders, law enforcement, health care workers, and teachers. This discount can’t be combined with other promotional codes.

Our expert take on Bear Elite Hybrid mattress

The medium-firm version of the Bear Elite Hybrid stands out as a great choice for side sleepers with back pain because it offers zoned coil support and excellent pressure relief. Plus, it truly feels like a medium-firm mattress should, which research shows is the best firmness level for people with general back pain. [3] Bolton R, et al. Effects of Mattress Support on Sleeping Position and Low-Back Pain. Sleep Science and Practice. May 10, 2022

In fact, one tester and her partner own this mattress and frequently sleep on their sides and can attest to its comfort. The only drawback they found was the off-gassing The chemical odor given off from a new mattress. The smell is harmless and is usually gone within the first few days. , which occurs with most hybrid or foam mattresses. The material’s smell took about three days to clear out of the bedroom (even with the windows cracked), so consider this if you purchase any mattress with foam.

The Bear Elite Hybrid is composed of a cushion cover, memory foam, and individually encased coil layers. The cushion cover and memory foam are key for side sleepers on this mattress. When our team tested the pressure relief of this mattress using a pressure mapping system A mat with sensors that detects pressure buildup when someone lays across it. , we found almost no force buildup under prominent joints, like the hip and shoulder. This is a great sign for side sleepers because force buildup can be uncomfortable, leading to tossing and turning throughout the night to find a better position.

Person using a pressure map to determine how well a mattress redistributes force on its surface.
Our team employs a pressure mapping system that uses heat sensors to detect how much contact and force hits certain areas of the body.

Our team also liked the zoned coil support in this mattress. The coils in the center are reinforced to maintain a spinal alignment while lying on your side. A neutral spine position may relieve back pain because it keeps the body from twisting or bending, potentially leading to discomfort and pain during the daytime. Our testers noticed how the coiled reinforcement felt gentler and less obvious, which some people might prefer, compared to a mattress like the Saatva Classic. Because each coil of the Bear Elite Hybrid is individually wrapped, motion doesn’t transfer as much as traditional interconnected coils, so you’re less likely to disturb a sleeping partner if you switch sides at night.

The Bear Elite Hybrid has a 120-night trial period and a limited lifetime warranty. White-glove delivery is available, but it will cost an extra $175 at checkout.

Check out our Best Mattresses for Side Sleepers roundup if you want more options.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best Firm: Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe

Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe
Best Firm
Firm yet impressive pressure relief
Zoned coiled support with reinforcement under the lower back
Good functional support for easier bed mobility
120-night trial period and 10-year warranty
Discount: 25% off sitewide
Features
  • Rating: 9.3 out of 10
  • Price: $1,199–$2,930
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Soft, medium, firm
  • Trial period: 120 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping
  • Warranty: 10 years
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, short queen, king, California king, split California king, RV king, RV bunk
  • Mattress height: 13.25″
Pros and cons of the Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe mattress
Pros Zoned coil support Excellent pressure relief Three firmness options Good functional support 120-night trial period 10-year warranty Cons Poor motion isolation for couples No white-glove delivery options Relatively expensive before discounts
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach Brooklyn Bedding customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 623-624-1222, available seven days a week from 11 a.m. to 9 p.m. ET
  • Chat: Live chat via the bottom right corner of the website, available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. ET and Saturday through Sunday from 11 a.m to 7 p.m. ET
  • Email: support@brooklynbedding.com
  • Website: Submit a contact form

Payment options

Accepted credit card payments include: MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Discover, Amazon Pay, Shop Pay, Google Pay, and PayPal. Financing through Brooklyn Bedding is available through Affirm.

The company currently offers 30% off for military members, first responders, medical providers, students, and teachers. The discount code can’t be combined with other promotional codes.

Our expert take on the Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe mattress

The Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe is our best firm mattress for lower back pain because of its solid feel while also offering great pressure relief.

Our team tested the medium-firm option, which felt firmer than anticipated (7.5 out of 10 on the firmness scale). This mattress did well during our pressure map testing, likely because it offers a combination of conforming and responsive foam layers. If your health care provider recommended a firm mattress to accommodate your back pain, try the Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe. If you want to go even firmer, select the “firm” option at checkout.

Tester’s pressure map results for the Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe while lying face up
Tester’s pressure map results for the Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe while lying on the side
Pressure pad image showing little to no pressure on the sleeper’s body when in the side and back positions.

This mattress is also a good choice for those with mobility issues associated with pain. Because this mattress is firmer with bouncy coils and great edge support, it earned a high functional support score. This means the surface is easy to navigate, so you won’t have to fight against the material to roll over or push yourself up to sitting.

Like the Bear Elite Hybrid, this mattress offers zoned support that gently fills and reinforces the gaps between the spine and sleeping surface to maintain a neutral position. But because this mattress is denser, curvy, petite body types may not find it conforming enough to hug the body and provide good enough midsection support.

Our team was also impressed by how cool this mattress felt to the touch compared to other mattresses. Based on our research, we believe the impressively cool feel is because the first foam layer is infused with phase-change material, which is designed to store or release heat and keep you cool all night.

The Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe has a 120-night trial period and a 10-year warranty. Since white-glove delivery is unavailable, be sure to recruit help when you set up this mattress in your home.

Looking for other firm mattress options? Our team has also reviewed the best firm mattress brands and models on the market.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

Best for Mobility: Birch Natural

Birch Natural
Best for Mobility
Great surface support and pressure relief for back sleepers
High functional support for easier bed mobility
100-night trial period and 25-year warranty
Discount: 20% off your mattress and two free pillows
Features
  • Rating: 8.9 out of 10
  • Price: $1,373.80–$2,248.80
  • Material: Hybrid
  • Firmness: Medium
  • Trial period: 100 nights
  • Shipping: Free shipping, white-glove delivery available depending on location (starts at $129)
  • Warranty: 25 years
  • Sizes: Twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, California king
  • Mattress height: 11″
Pros and cons of the Birch Natural mattress
Pros Built with natural latex material Excellent functional support for bed mobility White-glove delivery available depending on location, starting at $129 100-night trial period 25-year warranty Cons Light sleeping couples may feel motion Not enough pressure relief for side sleepers
Additional Information

Customer service

You can reach Birch customer service by:

  • Phone: Call 917-540-5525, Monday through Friday from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. ET.
  • Email: info@birchliving.com
  • Chat: Available Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. ET.
  • Website: Submitting a contact form

Payment options

Accepted payments include MasterCard, Visa, American Express, Discover, Google Pay, Shop Pay, Amazon Pay, and PayPal. Financing through Birch is available through Affirm.

Birch currently offers 25% off for military members, first responders, students, and teachers. The discount code can’t be combined with other promotional codes. To get the code, you must verify your identity and status using a third party called VerifyPass.

Our expert take on the Birch Natural mattress

We think the Birch Natural is one of the best mattresses for people with mobility issues and back pain. During our testing, this mattress had a high functional support score, which means it required less effort to move on the surface compared to other options.

Our team noticed that this mattress had a notably bouncy and responsive surface to help us gain momentum as we got out of bed. Also, its edge support was protective, pushing us back toward the center of the mattress as we approached the lip. The only downside is the mattress’s 11-inch height, which is shorter than others on this list. If you find it easier to stand from a taller mattress, you can upgrade to the Luxe, which is 11.5 inches, for about $300 more. The Luxe also offers extra comfort layers and zoned coil support, which can come in handy for side sleepers who may find the Birch Natural too firm at the shoulder and hip.

Tester examining the layers of the Birch Natural mattress
Latex (the sandy layer under the tester’s hand) is a natural soft layer, offering the resilience of springs with the pressure relief of memory foam.

Our testers agreed with the brand’s medium firmness rating (6.5 out of 10), which is the best firmness for those with back pain. But we think this mattress offers the best pressure relief and support for back sleepers and combination sleepers who weigh less than 250 pounds and often sleep on their stomachs.

The Birch Natural has a 100-night trial period and a generous 25-year warranty. White-glove delivery may be available in your area, but you’ll need to check on the product page by entering your ZIP code. This service starts at $129 for in-home set-up, but if you need additional services like old mattress removal or adjustable base set-up, it can cost up to $398.

Our recommendation

Who may love it

Who may want to avoid it

What to consider when choosing a mattress for back pain

The top factors to consider when choosing the right mattress include firmness level, surface support, pressure relief, functional support, white-glove delivery, and a trial period. 

Firmness

The right firmness level for someone with back pain is whatever feels most comfortable and allows for uninterrupted sleep. Medium-firm mattresses are best for many, but firmness is subjective, which means everyone interprets it differently. [3] Caggiari G, et al. What Type of Mattress Should Be Chosen to Avoid Back Pain and Improve Sleep Quality? Review of The Literature. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Dec. 8, 2021. Found on the internet at https://jorthoptraumatol.springeropen.c Different interpretations of firmness are especially true for different body types. A person who weighs less than 130 pounds will perceive mattresses to be firmer than someone who weighs more than 250 pounds. 

Surface support

A supportive mattress fills the gaps between your body and the surface, providing reinforcement in the areas where you need it most. Many clinicians use the term “spinal alignment” to describe how a mattress supports the spine in a neutral position, which is comfortable for most. 

While a perfectly aligned spine doesn’t have to be the goal for everyone, a supportive mattress with targeted reinforcement at the lower back (also known as zoned lumbar support) can ease tension for some people with general back pain. [4] Bolton R, et al. Effects of Mattress Support on Sleeping Position and Low-Back Pain. Sleep Science and Practice. May 10, 2022. Found on the internet at https://sleep.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41606-022-00073-x Many mattresses we recommend for back pain offer zoned support for this reason.

Pressure relief

It’s important to consider a mattress with good pressure relief at the shoulder, hip, and bum to avoid tossing and turning as you find a more comfortable position. Most options with high-pressure relief are foam-dominant hybrids or all-foam designs.

Mattresses with poor pressure relief can disrupt your sleep, which can be detrimental to your recovery. If you have tender areas sensitive to force build-up, you may need to consider a mattress with as much pressure relief as possible (like the Bear Elite Hybrid or Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe). But you may need to trade some responsiveness and bounce to get it. 

White-glove delivery

Unfortunately, most online mattress companies do not offer white-glove delivery. Instead, they offer free shipping to your home, but you must carry the mattress into your home and set it up. The only brand on our list that does not charge extra for white-glove delivery is Saatva, which is why it’s often high in our picks. Our team highly recommends looking into mattress brands with white-glove delivery if you have lower back pain or ask someone for help getting your mattress in place.

Trial periods

The industry standard trial period length is 100 nights. Our list only contains mattresses that meet or exceed the industry standard, so you have ample time to try your mattress in your home. Most mattress companies have clear return policies within the trial period, and some have exchange programs to help you find the right option. If you’re unsure which mattress is best for your back pain, we recommend looking into WinkBeds and its generous exchange policy.

Sleeping positions and their impact on back pain

It can feel frustrating if you need to adjust your preferred sleeping position due to lower back pain. Your current sleep position is rarely the root cause of pain, but making small adjustments or changing your position temporarily can positively impact your sleep quality and overall recovery. For example:

If you have upper back pain, try a pillow for neck pain to better accommodate the neck and upper spine. Side sleepers benefit from puffier pillows to fill the space between their head and the mattress, while back sleepers will feel more comfortable with something flatter. Stomach sleepers often don’t need a pillow, but if you prefer one, a flat down pillow is best.

Although these strategies can help, make sure you’re working with a physical therapist to address the main issue.

What is the best type of mattress for back pain?

The best type of mattress for back pain doesn’t exist. In fact, no one treatment strategy works to resolve back pain for everyone. Back pain—especially chronic back pain—requires a tailored approach with special attention to the whole person, including lifestyle and mental health. [6] Steinmetz, Anke. Back Pain Treatment: A New Perspective. Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. July 4, 2022. Found on the internet at https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1759720X221100293 This can include addressing stress, activity level, and nutrition.

Research does point to a few mattress characteristics that seem helpful to many, but not all, with back pain. For instance, mattresses of medium firmness levels and zoned support tend to positively affect sleep quality and comfort throughout the night for those with general back pain. [2] Caggiari G, et al. What Type of Mattress Should Be Chosen to Avoid Back Pain and Improve Sleep Quality? Review of The Literature. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Dec. 8, 2021. Found on the internet at https://jorthoptraumatol.springeropen.c [3] Bolton R, et al. Effects of Mattress Support on Sleeping Position and Low-Back Pain. Sleep Science and Practice. May 10, 2022. Found on the internet at https://sleep.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41606-022-00073-x Our team has noticed how many of the mattresses with medium-firm comfort levels and zoned support are hybrids, which is why our review lists many hybrid mattresses.

But if you prefer the conforming feel of memory foam, look into Nolah. This brand incorporates zoned support in its unique foam. The Nolah Signature made our list of the best memory foam mattresses for this reason.

Older adults and back pain: What to know

The truth about back pain

Many older adults experience lower back pain, but it doesn’t need to be the norm with age. Chronic lower back pain can feel limiting, preventing you from enjoying daily activities independently. According to an analysis of more than 135,000 adults age 60 to 102 years: [7] Batista de Souza I, et al. Prevalence of Low Back Pain in the Elderly Population: A Systematic Review. Clinics. Oct. 23, 2019. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6807687/

It’s possible to combat lower back pain with the help of your doctor and a skilled rehabilitation clinician, no matter your age. Occupational and physical therapists can teach you strategies to manage your symptoms, maintain your independence, and enjoy your favorite activities.

Lindy Royer, physical therapist and educator at Balanced Body, also highlights the importance of sleep. “When we don’t sleep well, the nervous system operates in fight or flight. This activates a ‘danger’ pattern in the brain, tissues, organs, and body chemistry, creating more muscle tension and increased pain hypersensitivity. Our body’s healing mechanisms are also compromised, and we are less able to recover. But when we are well rested, the response is the opposite,” she said. If you’re experiencing poor sleep quality, ask your doctor if you’d benefit from a referral to a sleep specialist.

10 ways to manage back pain at home

A comfortable, pain-soothing mattress can be a helpful piece of your recovery, but it shouldn’t be your only approach. In addition to working with a health care professional, you can try these ten ideas to manage your back pain at home:

  1. Get a referral to physical therapy. Your physical therapist will perform a thorough evaluation and provide activities, exercises, and stretches to help manage pain at home.
  2. Improve your sleep hygiene. As Royer stated above, sleep is essential for recovery. If you’re waking up throughout the night or having trouble falling asleep, you may benefit from talking to a sleep specialist, but you don’t have to wait to start making positive changes. See our Sleep and Aging article to learn ways to track and improve sleep on your own.
  3. Stand often. It’s easy to lose track of time when working, watching television, or reading a book. It can be important to rest, but sitting for prolonged periods isn’t beneficial. Movement-based recovery is generally more effective than bed rest because it keeps your body conditioned, which supports long-term relief. [8] Geneen L, et al. Physical Activity and Exercise for Chronic Pain in Adults: An Overview of Cochrane Reviews. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. April 2017. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461882/
  4. Start a walking program. Start slow—go for a walk you’re comfortable doing, even if it’s up and down your driveway. Walking is one of the simplest activities for your back pain. [8] Geneen L, et al. Physical Activity and Exercise for Chronic Pain in Adults: An Overview of Cochrane Reviews. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. April 2017. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461882/
  5. Use self-massage. Grab a massage tool, like a massage ball, and gently roll out tender areas along your muscles for relief. But don’t depend on gadgets like massage chairs—it’s important to move often rather than relying on these tools designed to provide temporary relief.
  6. Address your mental health. Modern approaches to pain management focus on the whole person. This can include stress, anxiety, or depression, which can increase pain. [9] Vadivelu N, et al. Pain and Psychology—A Reciprocal Relationship. The Ochsner Journal. 2017. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5472077/ Seek a behavioral health professional who can provide activities you can do at home to help address mental health conditions.
  7. Manage your diet. Some studies show an association between back pain and a poor diet, like one filled with sugars. [10] Zick S, et al. Association of Chronic Spinal Pain with Diet Quality. Pain Reports. 2020. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7431251/ [11] Pasdar Y, et al. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to Chronic Low Back Pain; A Cross-Sectional Study from RaNCD Cohort. Nutrition Journal. May 12, 2022. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9097067/ Making healthy choices at home can help support your recovery, but ask your doctor if you have specific questions regarding your nutritional needs.
  8. Try cold and heat therapies. Using hot or cold packs can temporarily relieve aggravated pain, but shouldn’t be a long-term pain relief strategy. Older adults should be careful not to overdo hot and cold packs, as they can damage skin. Always wrap your temperature pack in a thick towel and never apply it directly to your skin. Check your skin every five minutes and remove your hot or cold pack after about 15 minutes.
  9. See if medication is right for you. Talk to your doctor to see if you can take an over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication periodically. It’s important to check whether new medications will interact with ones you’re already taking, even if it’s a natural supplement. Taking multiple medications can have potentially dangerous side effects, like increasing fall risk. [12] The Dangers of Polypharmacy and the Case for Deprescribing in Older Adults. National Institute of Aging. Aug. 24, 2021. Found on the internet at https://www.nia.nih.gov/news/dangers-polypharmacy-and-case-deprescribing-older-adults
  10. Keep doing the things you love. Don’t let pain stop you from gardening, cooking, or going on outings. Limiting activities can be detrimental to your recovery—physically and mentally. Ask your physical therapist for ways you can modify your favorite activities for the time being so you can continue to enjoy them.

How to afford a new mattress for back pain on low income

Replacing an old, worn mattress with one comfortable enough to encourage better sleep can be expensive. The average cost of a queen-size mattress in this review is about $1,900, which is a hefty investment, especially if you’re on a fixed income or have other expenses. 

While financing is an option, you end up owing more than the original amount over time. Fortunately, there are programs available to help older adults afford new mattresses, including:

Cost comparison of the best mattresses for back pain, as of May 2024

MattressTwinFullQueenKing
Helix Midnight Luxe$1,373.80$1,998.80$2,373.80$2,873.80
Saatva Classic$1,395$1,995$2,095$2,595
Nectar Premier$1,049$1,349$1,499$1,799
The WinkBed$1,149$1,499$1,799$1,999
Titan Plus$699$999$1,249$1,499
Nolah Evolution$1,499$2,299$2,499$2,699
Bear Elite Hybrid$1,893$2,108$2,305$2,762
Brooklyn Bedding Aurora Luxe$1,199$1,865$2,265$2,665
Birch Natural$1,373.80$1,686.30$1,873.80$2,248.80
*Cost of mattress excluding promotions, discounts, and shipping charges

Bottom line

Finding the best mattress for your back pain can feel daunting, but it’s important to talk to a health care professional to understand more about your unique needs from a pain management perspective. Once you have an idea of what to look for, you can more easily consider your personal preferences, including firmness and mattress type.

We love the Helix Midnight Luxe because it accommodates an array of sleep positions, boosts bed mobility to make movement less effortful (and potentially less painful), and offers a medium firmness known to best help manage generalized back pain. But every option in our list offers something slightly different, like extra support or more pressure relief, so you can find a mattress that works for you. If you still need help making a decision on the best mattress for your specific back pain, we encourage you to take advantage of trial periods—all models in this review exceed the industry standard of 100 nights—or opt for the exchange program from WinkBeds.

Frequently asked questions

A one-size-fits-all mattress for back pain doesn’t exist. Although our team chose the Helix Midnight Luxe as the best overall mattress for its ability to accommodate most sleepers, it may not work for everyone. It’s best to talk to a health care professional first, like your doctor or a physical therapist, to determine what to look for when shopping for a mattress.

A mattress can provoke or exacerbate pain. This can happen if you choose a mattress that doesn’t suit your specific sleeping position. Those with chronic pain should consider other factors, such as nutrition, stress, activity level, and general sleep hygiene. It’s always best to talk to a health care professional to determine the root cause of your pain before you purchase a new mattress.

According to our testing results, the best mattress for side sleepers with back pain is the Bear Elite Hybrid because it offers gentle zoned support, great pressure relief at the shoulder and hip, and good functional support to make bed mobility less effortful.

Research shows that a medium-firm mattress is best for general back pain. [2] Caggiari G, et al. What Type of Mattress Should Be Chosen to Avoid Back Pain and Improve Sleep Quality? Review of The Literature. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Dec. 8, 2021 If you’re a side sleeper, you may want to consider zoned support to maintain a neutral spine position, which many people find comfortable. [3] Bolton R, et al. Effects of Mattress Support on Sleeping Position and Low-Back Pain. Sleep Science and Practice. May 10, 2022

Memory foam could be good for those with back pain, depending on their sleep position, the amount of support they need, and the amount of support the foam provides. It’s best to talk to a health care professional about what to look for in a mattress, so you can accommodate your specific symptom when shopping for a mattress.

Sources

  1. Coulter I, et al. Manipulation and Mobilization for Treating Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. The Spine Journal. May 2018. Found on the internet at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1529943018300160
  2. Caggiari G, et al. What Type of Mattress Should Be Chosen to Avoid Back Pain and Improve Sleep Quality? Review of The Literature. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Dec. 8, 2021. Found on the internet at https://jorthoptraumatol.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s10195-021-00616-5
  1. Bolton R, et al. Effects of Mattress Support on Sleeping Position and Low-Back Pain. Sleep Science and Practice. May 10, 2022. Found on the internet at https://sleep.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s41606-022-00073-x
  1. Staffe A, et al. Total Sleep Deprivation Increases Pain Sensitivity, Impairs Conditioned Pain Modulation, and Facilitates Temporal Summation of Pain in Healthy Participants. PLOS ONE. Dec. 4, 2019. Found on the internet at https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0225849
  1. NCOA Adviser Mattresses Survey. 600 respondents. Conducted using Pollfish. Launched January 2024.
  2. Steinmetz, Anke. Back Pain Treatment: A New Perspective. Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease. July 4, 2022. Found on the internet at https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1759720X221100293
  3. Batista de Souza I, et al. Prevalence of Low Back Pain in the Elderly Population: A Systematic Review. Clinics. Oct. 23, 2019. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6807687/
  4. Geneen L, et al. Physical Activity and Exercise for Chronic Pain in Adults: An Overview of Cochrane Reviews. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. April 2017. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5461882/
  5. Vadivelu N, et al. Pain and Psychology—A Reciprocal Relationship. The Ochsner Journal. 2017. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5472077/
  6. Zick S, et al. Association of Chronic Spinal Pain with Diet Quality. Pain Reports. 2020. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7431251/
  7. Pasdar Y, et al. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to Chronic Low Back Pain; A Cross-Sectional Study from RaNCD Cohort. Nutrition Journal. May 12, 2022. Found on the internet at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9097067/
  8. The Dangers of Polypharmacy and the Case for Deprescribing in Older Adults. National Institute of Aging. Aug. 24, 2021. Found on the internet at https://www.nia.nih.gov/news/dangers-polypharmacy-and-case-deprescribing-older-adults
Nicole Hernandez is a writer and physical therapist who empowers people to make informed decisions about their health as a writer and clinician. She has written for NCOA, AginginPlace.org, and physical therapy clinics to educate readers on fall and injury prevention, rehabilitation, home modifications, and other clinical themes including hearing aids and medical alert systems.
Suzanne Gorovoy Medical Reviewer
Dr. Suzanne Gorovoy is a clinical psychologist, behavioral sleep medicine specialist, and member of the Sleep and Health Research Program at the University of Arizona College of Medicine. She received her graduate degree in School Psychology from Teachers College at Columbia University, her PhD in Clinical Psychology from Case Western Reserve University, and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in Behavioral Sleep Medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine.
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