Key Takeaways

  • Disasters can be stressful, but support is available in many forms to help everyone quickly get back on their feet.  

  • Programs can come from federal, state, tribal, and local sources, including area agencies on aging, the Internal Revenue Service, and state health departments.

  • Find benefit programs that provide cash assistance and other helpful services by visiting

Disasters can be very stressful for those who experience them. Aside from the mental and physical effects of the disaster itself, the aftermath may leave people in need of assistance and resources to get back on their feet quickly. Older adults who experience a disaster can particularly be at a higher risk for economic hardship. Luckily,  information, services, support, and programs that provide relief are available from federal, state, tribal, and local sources. 

Nutrition assistance

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) can provide valuable help. For those already part of the program, extra funds or some benefits could be replaced. EBT cards may be allowed temporary use for foods or meals not typically covered through Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (D-SNAP). This program provides emergency food benefits to states declared a disaster area by the president. Find more information on D-SNAP and when it might be available at

Tax relief

The IRS has a specific Disaster Assistance and Emergency Relief Program, which offers tax counseling and assistance in the wake of a disaster. Special tax law provisions are available to help those who live in certain states that have been affected, particularly those locations declared a major disaster area. 

Visit's tax relief assistance page to view more details on the program and see a list of currently eligible areas. You can also contact a local tax office for more information on Property Tax Relief, which may be available depending on the circumstances.

Shelter assistance

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) offers assistance with home loss or damage through the Transitional Shelter Assistance (TSA) program. The TSA program temporarily helps pay for the cost of a hotel room for those looking for long-term housing.

To search for a participating hotel, you must first register with FEMA either online, by phone, or in FEMA's mobile app.  Instructions for registration are available here. After registering, enter your registration number in the search bar on the FEMA Evacuee Hotel List to find a place to stay.

FEMA direct housing

In select situations, FEMA may offer more direct housing options for those impacted by a disaster, such as leasing multi-family rental properties or even building new constructions. These options can provide more extensive housing services than the TSA program does.

To find out if direct housing might be available to you, apply for FEMA assistance.

Energy assistance

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) Disaster Relief is a program available in some areas to help pay for energy needs and energy-related home repairs or installations.

To find out about individual programs, contact your state's Department of Human Services (DHS) by clicking on your state on this map. Your local community action agency or area agency on aging (AAA) may also have helpful information.

Disaster loans

Low-interest disaster loans help rebuild and replace homes and businesses damaged or destroyed in a declared disaster. Find more information on the U.S. Small Business Administration's disaster assistance page

How to find the help you qualify for

Get help finding benefit programs that offer cash assistance and other help by visiting After answering a few questions, a list of benefit programs may include options that will pay for medications, food, utilities, and other helpful expenses. Also provided are program guidelines, websites, online application forms (if available), paper applications in various languages (if available), and other resources.

Learn about assistance programs, apply, and check the status of an application at