Guide to Mattress Sizes and Dimensions

Nov 03, 2023
Fact Checked
Use our Reviews Team’s guide to choose the best mattress for your size and sleep preferences to get a good night’s sleep.

Key Takeaways

Before considering the prices and features of the best mattresses, you need to know which size to shop for. Almost eight in 10 mattress shoppers surveyed by The Better Sleep Council knew the size they needed before looking for a mattress. [1]Mattress Shopper’s Buyer Journey. The Better Sleep Council. February 2020. Found on the internet at https://sleepproducts.org/wp-content/uploads/ISPA-Buyer-Journey.pdf Our Reviews Team created a guide to mattress sizes to help you confidently choose the best one. We researched standard and nonstandard sizes, interviewed experts, and consulted accessibility standards to inform our recommendations.

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Mattress sizes and bed dimensions

Mattress size nameBed dimensions (length by width, in inches)*Recommended sleeper maximum height (in feet and inches) See whyRecommended minimum room size (length by width, in feet)† See why
Small single75 x 305′ 9″10 x 11
Twin (Single)75 x 385′ 9″10 x 11
Twin XL (Twin long)80 x 386′ 2″11 x 11
Full (Double)75 x 535′ 9″10 x 12
Full XL80 x 536′ 2″11 x 12
Queen80 x 606′ 2″11 x 13
RV queen (Short queen)75 x 605′ 9″
Olympic queen80 x 666′ 2″11 x 14
King (Standard king)80 x 766′ 2″11 x 14
RV king (Short king)80 x 726′ 2″
California king84 x 726′ 6″11 x 14
Texas king98 x 807′ 8″12 x 15
Wyoming king84 x 846′ 6″11 x 15
Vermont king (Alberta king)96 x 967′ 6″12 x 16
Alaskan king108 x 1088′ 6″13 x 17
Family80 x 1206′ 2″11 x 18
Family XL84 x 1446′ 2″11 x 20

* Rounded to the nearest inch
† Rounded to the nearest foot

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Many mattress companies suggest a bed size at least six inches longer than the tallest person sleeping on it. Putting weight on the edges of a mattress may not be supportive if the edges aren’t reinforced. The additional space can also account for people who may use one or multiple pillows, for example, to elevate their torso while in bed.

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To keep our recommendations in line with accessibility guidelines and general home safety, we suggest room sizes with ample space around three sides of the bed to maneuver safely. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) standard for accessible routes in living spaces requires at least 36 inches of clear floor space around a bed for a standard wheelchair to turn. [2]ADA.gov. 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design. Sept. 15, 2010. Found on the internet at https://www.ada.gov/law-and-regs/design-standards/2010-stds/#809 You can calculate the minimum room size for each mattress by adding 4 feet to the length and 8 feet to the width of the bed to account for things like bedroom furniture and storage.

Standard mattress sizes

Standard mattress sizes with a standard pillow as a size reference
We used a standard-sized pillow (26 inches long) to show the relative size of each mattress we mention.

Most mattress manufacturers offer six standard sizes: twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, and California king. While the actual dimensions of these sizes aren’t set by law or regulation, the numbers we provide are the most common sizes available and are used by most major mattress retailers. The International Sleep Products Association (ISPA) currently advocates for the creation of guidelines for standard sizes so bedding manufacturers can work together to create frames, mattresses, and sheets that fit together. [3]International Sleep Products Association. Sleep Products Voluntary Dimensional Guideline for Bedding Products and Components. 2001.

Twin

Bed dimensions of a twin-size mattress

Length: 75 inches

Width: 38 inches

Best for: Single sleepers, people with smaller bodies, daybeds, bunk beds

Twin mattresses, also known as single mattresses, are common for single sleepers. It’s the most common size for daybeds and bunk beds. A twin mattress is the smallest standard mattress and may be too small for people with larger bodies. For example, someone 6 feet tall (72 inches) will only have 3 inches of space above their head if their feet rest at the foot of the bed.

Twin XL

Bed dimensions of a twin XL size mattress

Length: 80 inches

Width: 38 inches

Best for: Single sleepers, split king beds

A twin XL (twin extra long), also known as a twin long, is 5 inches longer than a regular twin mattress. It’s also the same length (80 inches) as a standard queen and king mattress. The twin XL mattress is a common size for single sleepers and may be more comfortable than the standard twin for taller adults. Two twin XL mattresses can fit in a king or split king bed frame, which can be helpful for couples who share a king-size bed but have different firmness or support preferences.

Full

Bed dimensions of a full-size mattress

Length: 75 inches

Width: 53 inches

Best for: Single sleepers who prefer more space

A full mattress is also called a double bed. Despite the name, two adults may find this size a tight fit, depending on their body sizes and preferences. For reference, a full-size mattress can fit two standard pillows (26 inches in length each) across its width. Full-size mattresses are 15 inches wider than a twin. We recommend this size for single sleepers who like more room to stretch out or who change positions often throughout the night.

Queen

Bed dimensions of a queen-size mattress

Length: 60 inches

Width: 80 inches

Best for: Couples sharing a bed, people with larger bodies, guest rooms

A queen mattress is the most popular size. Almost half of Americans who purchased a mattress in 2019 bought a queen size bed. [1]Mattress Shopper’s Buyer Journey. The Better Sleep Council. February 2020. Found on the internet at https://sleepproducts.org/wp-content/uploads/ISPA-Buyer-Journey.pdf It has enough space for two people sharing a bed, making it a good choice for guest rooms.

A queen mattress is 5 inches longer and 7 inches wider than a full-size bed. We recommend a queen-size mattress for people with larger bodies because it is longer and wider compared to a full-size.

King

Bed dimensions of a king-size mattress

Length: 80 inches

Width: 76 inches

Best for: Couples sharing a bed who prefer more space, people with larger bodies

A king-size mattress is 16 inches wider than a queen. It’s a good option for couples sharing a bed who want more room to switch positions or stretch out. A king-size mattress is the same as two twin XL mattresses pushed together, so each person will have the same space as they would on a twin XL bed.

Individuals or couples with larger bodies may feel more comfortable with the extra space on a king rather than a queen mattress.

California king

Bed dimensions of a California king-size mattress

Length: 72 inches

Width: 84 inches

Best for: Couples sharing a bed, people with larger bodies, people who prefer more legroom

A California king mattress is 4 inches narrower but 4 inches longer than a king mattress. The extra length of this size makes it our recommendation for people with larger bodies and taller individuals. We also recommend this for people who prefer more legroom compared to a twin XL, queen, and king.

A California king can comfortably fit people up to 6 feet, 6 inches tall.

Non-standard mattress dimensions

Manufacturers may also offer non-standard mattress sizes to fit your sleep needs. But popular mattress brands don’t commonly make them, and finding bedding in stores that fit these mattresses may be a challenge. Variations of the twin, full, and queen sizes are called non-standard, while sizes larger than the California king size are considered oversized.

Small single

Twin mattress compared to small single mattress
Comparing a twin mattress to a small single mattress.

Length: 75 inches

Width: 30 inches

A small single mattress is the same length as a standard twin but 8 inches narrower. This size is well-suited for people with smaller bodies. Small single mattresses are common for rollaway, trundle ⓘA bed that rolls under a larger bed., and single guest beds. [3]International Sleep Products Association. Sleep Products Voluntary Dimensional Guideline for Bedding Products and Components. 2001.

Full XL

full mattress compared to full XL mattress
Comparing a full mattress to a full XL mattress.

Length: 80 inches

Width: 53 inches

A full XL (full extra long), similar to a twin XL, is 5 inches longer than a full-size mattress. We recommend the full XL for single sleepers who prefer more legroom or single sleepers with larger bodies.

Olympic queen

Queen mattress compared to Olympic queen mattress
Comparing a standard queen mattress to an Olympic queen mattress.

Length: 80 inches

Width: 66 inches

The Olympic queen is 6 inches wider than a queen-size mattress. It’s not as wide as a king (76 inches wide) or California king (72 inches wide), but it’s a good in-between-size option for couples sharing a bed.

RV sizes

standard king and queen mattresses compared to RV-sized king and queen mattresses
Comparing standard king and queen sizes to RV sizes.

RV sizes are slightly smaller than their respective standard sizes in order to fit into recreational vehicles (RVs). RV mattress sizes can vary between manufacturers. Below are some common bed dimensions we found for RV queen and king mattresses.

RV queen

RV queen length: 76 inches

RV queen width: 60 inches

RV queen mattresses (also called short queen) are 5 inches shorter than a queen mattress.

RV king

RV king length: 80 inches

RV king width: 72 inches

RV king mattresses (also called short king) are 4 inches narrower than a king mattress.

Oversized mattresses (Nonstandard king sizes)

standard king and California king mattresses compared to oversized mattresses
Standard king and California king mattresses compared to oversized mattresses.

Oversized mattresses are larger than king and California king mattresses. These mattresses are 7 feet or more at their longest side, requiring large rooms to accommodate them. Here are a few oversized mattress options.

Oversized mattresses and bed dimensions

Mattress size nameBed dimensions (length by width, in inches)Longest side (in inches)Width in standard-sized pillows*
Texas king98 x 80983
Wyoming king84 x 84843
Vermont king (Alberta king)96 x 96963
Alaskan king108 x 1081084
Family80 x 1201204
Family XL84 x 1441445

* Rounded to the nearest whole number

The Texas, Wyoming, and Vermont king sizes can all fit three standard pillows across their width. The Texas king is 14 inches longer than a California king, which is great for people with taller bodies.

The Wyoming king and Vermont king (also known as the Alberta king) mattresses are both square. The Wyoming king is 7 feet on each side, and the Vermont king is 8 feet on each side.

The Alaskan king and family mattresses can both fit four standard pillows across their widths. The Alaskan king is a square, and measures 9 feet on each side. The family size has the same length as a king size but is 10 feet wide. A family-size mattress is the same size as two queen beds put side-by-side.

The family XL mattress is 4 inches longer than the family size and is 12 feet wide. It’s the size of two California king beds put side-by-side and can fit five standard pillows across its width.

How to choose a mattress size

The best mattress size for you can depend on your body, room size, sleeping partners, medical conditions, and other personal preferences. Here are a few factors to consider when choosing a mattress size:

Body size

Your whole body should comfortably fit on your mattress without reaching the edges of the bed. Your height is one measurement to keep in mind when choosing a mattress. The average U.S. adult male, with a height of 5 feet, 9 inches, can fit on the shortest standard mattress sizes (twin and full-size). [4]Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Body Measurements. Sept. 10, 2021. Found on the internet at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/body-measurements.htm

comparing average adult U.S. male and female heights to twin mattress size
An average adult male and female height compared to a twin-size mattress.

Body size is more important than body weight when choosing a mattress. A mattress’ weight capacity largely depends on its construction and firmness rather than size. The weight capacity of a mattress can vary from model to model. For example, a Saatva Classic mattress in any size supports up to 300 pounds per side, whereas any-sized Saatva HD mattress can support higher weights, up to 500 pounds per side.

Room size

Anyone moving through your bedroom should be able to do so safely with a correctly sized mattress. For example, a king mattress may be comfortable for couples who enjoy more space, but if their bedroom is smaller than 11 feet by 14 feet, it may limit their ability to move around easily.

For both safety and accessibility, ADA standards recommend at least 36 inches (3 feet) of clear and open space around the bed. [2]ADA.gov. 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design. Sept. 15, 2010. Found on the internet at https://www.ada.gov/law-and-regs/design-standards/2010-stds/#809 This is one of the reasons we recommend room sizes with at least 4 feet of space around three sides of the bed.

Mobility

People with limited mobility or who often change positions during sleep may have special considerations when shopping for a mattress. According to Nicole Hernandez, DPT, if a person has limited mobility or strength, they may find it difficult to maneuver toward the edge of a large bed if they’re starting from the center. But a small bed may not suit those who change positions often or risk rolling off the bed. She recommended that individuals and caregivers consider safety and sleep patterns when determining an appropriate mattress size.

Medical conditions

Your sleep can impact your health, but your health concerns can also affect the amount of space you need for a good night’s sleep. We talked with a sleep specialist to better understand how medical conditions can impact your choice of mattress size. Valerie Cacho, MD, a sleep specialist in Ewa Beach, Hawaii, shared that people with restless leg syndrome (RLS) may find it more comfortable to have a larger bed because symptoms of RLS get better with movement.

She added that people with REM behavior disorder, a condition more commonly found in older adults, may need more bed space. REM behavior disorder is a condition where people “act out” their dreams during the REM stage of sleep, resulting in more movement in bed. [5]Trotti, L. REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder in Older Individuals. Drugs and Aging. 2010. Found on the internet at https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/11536260-000000000-00000

Studies have shown people who have obstructive sleep apnea or acid reflux may sleep better when they elevate their torso while sleeping. [6]Fabricio de Barros Souza, FJ, et al. The Influence of Head-of-Bed Elevation in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep and Breathing. June 24, 2017. Found on the internet at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11325-017-1524-3 [7]Albarqouni, L, et al. Head of Bed Elevation to Relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms: A Systematic Review. BMC Family Practice. Jan. 19, 2021. Found on the internet at https://bmcprimcare.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12875-021-01369-0 They may require more bed space if they’re using a wedge pillow or multiple pillows. Alternatively, these individuals may consider an adjustable bed to elevate their upper-body position. Split king adjustable beds allow couples sharing a bed to sleep in two separate positions customized to their comfort.

Sharing a bed

When deciding on a bed size for more than one person, you’ll need to consider multiple sizes, needs, and preferences. Here are a few questions for partners to consider: How many people will share the bed? Do you prefer to stay close or have your own space? Do you allow one or more pets on the bed?

Partners of people with RLS, REM behavior disorder, or obstructive sleep apnea may consider a larger bed for more personal space and a better night’s sleep. If you share a bed with a partner who tends to snore or get out of bed often—to go to the restroom, for example— consider a larger bed so that you’re less likely to be disturbed by the extra noise or motion.

Comfort

Comfort is a big factor in determining which mattress size is best for you. Consider how your sleeping position affects how much space you take up. For example, a person who feels comfortable sleeping in a curled-up position may take up less space than someone who feels better sleeping with their arms and legs stretched out. Some people sleep hot and may need more space from their partner to regulate their body temperature.

Hernandez shared that using multiple pillows can support a more comfortable sleep position. For example, someone with back pain may feel relief by placing pillows under their knees (while on their back) or between their knees (while on their side). These pillows can take up space and require a larger bed to accommodate them.

Bottom line

Many factors go into choosing a mattress size that’s best for you. The six standard mattress sizes are readily available and provide a variety of choices for different sleep preferences. Twin, twin XL, and full mattresses are commonly recommended for one person, whereas queen, king, and California king sizes tend to be better suited for couples sharing a bed.

Non-standard sizes fit specific furniture like trundle beds, but most nonstandard sizes require custom bedding and furniture to go along with them. These can be good options for people with larger bodies or who share a bed and need more space for a good night’s sleep.

Frequently asked questions

The size of your mattress can affect sleep quality. Factors such as sharing a bed with a partner, your body size, ideal sleep temperature, medical conditions, and sleep position can affect which mattress size best helps you get a good night’s sleep.

Standard mattress sizes are twin, twin XL, full, queen, king, and California king. Non-standard and oversized mattress sizes include small single, full XL, Olympic queen, RV king, and Wyoming king, among others.

Depending on the size and sleeping preferences of the people sharing the bed, we recommend looking for a king-size or larger mattress for more than two people. A Texas king can fit three standard pillows across its width.

A full-size mattress is 53 inches wide and 75 inches long.

A full-size is 15 inches wider than a twin mattress. They are both 75 inches long. For scale, you can fit two standard pillows across a full-size mattress.

Have questions about this review? Email us at reviewsteam@ncoa.org.

Sources

  1. Mattress Shopper’s Buyer Journey. The Better Sleep Council. February 2020. Found on the internet at https://sleepproducts.org/wp-content/uploads/ISPA-Buyer-Journey.pdf
  2. ADA.gov. 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design. Sept. 15, 2010. Found on the internet at https://www.ada.gov/law-and-regs/design-standards/2010-stds/#809
  3. International Sleep Products Association. Sleep Products Voluntary Dimensional Guideline for Bedding Products and Components. 2001.
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Body Measurements. Sept. 10, 2021. Found on the internet at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/body-measurements.htm
  5. Trotti, L. REM Sleep Behaviour Disorder in Older Individuals. Drugs and Aging. 2010. Found on the internet at https://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/11536260-000000000-00000
  6. Fabricio de Barros Souza, FJ, et al. The Influence of Head-of-Bed Elevation in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep and Breathing. June 24, 2017. Found on the internet at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11325-017-1524-3
  7. Albarqouni, L, et al. Head of Bed Elevation to Relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Symptoms: A Systematic Review. BMC Family Practice. Jan. 19, 2021. Found on the internet at https://bmcprimcare.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12875-021-01369-0
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