This fact sheet is meant to provide context about recent legislative changes to the public charge rule and how it affects receipt of public benefits. Following the Supreme Court ruling in late January 2020, the rule will take effect on February 24, 2020.

Information for this fact sheet comes from the Protecting Immigrant Families campaign, a partnership of the National Immigration Law Center and CLASP (The Center for Law and Social Policy) that is committed to lifting up immigrant voices and advocating for humane immigration policies. For more details about the public charge test, immigrant rights, and data on who is affected, visit

This fact sheet is also available in Spanish and Chinese.