Implementation refers to the actual offering or carrying out of the program. Critical to program implementation is the internal capacity of the organization to deliver the program and the recognition that it may take 6 to 9 months to prepare for implementation.

Addressing program implementation issues

Most issues or problems in implementation occur because of lack of capacity of the organization to deliver a program and/or inadequate preparation of the site for delivery of the program. For successful program implementation, it is important to address a number of issues, including:

  1. A commitment of ongoing resources to support the program, including staff time and participation.
  2. Involvement of stakeholders in planning and selection of programs to implement.
  3. The creation of an implementation task force made up of consumers and stakeholders.
  4. The identification of resources for extra costs related to the program, e.g., equipment, manuals, recruitment activities, access to needed expertise, re-training of staff, and other incidental needs and materials.

All of this requires a strong commitment by the organization to fully implement the program with integrity to its original design (fidelity). It is also important to think about what action is required to make the program sustainable over time so that your time and effort are well spent.

Resources to help with program implementation

A Road Map to Implementing Evidence-Based Programs

This course provides guidance to facilitate selection and implementation of evidence-based programs related to prevention and treatment. You will learn how to select the program that best matches your organization’s needs and carry out the steps necessary to implement the program you choose.

Implementing and Adapting Evidence-Based Programs

This website provides information, tools, and supports to improve the quality and outcomes of evidence-based interventions funded through federal investments.