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Medicaid is a state-run health insurance program that pays for a broad range of medical services for people with low income and resources. Each state runs its own Medicaid program, so eligibility and additional program benefits may vary by state.

Basic services include doctor visits, inpatient and outpatient hospital services, lab tests, x-rays, medical transportation, family planning services, nursing facility services, home health, and nurse practitioner services.

Learn more about Medicaid’s Home and Community-Based Services.

Dual Eligibles

People who have Medicare can also receive Medicaid, if they meet their state’s eligibility criteria. These people are often called “dual eligibles” or “duals.” Medicaid can cover those services not covered by Medicare, such as eyeglasses, hearing aids, dental care, or Medicare co-payments and deductibles.

Medicaid is no longer the primary payer of prescription drugs for people who are enrolled in Medicare. People who have both Medicaid and Medicare will receive help paying for their prescriptions through Medicare Part D. In certain states, Medicaid may cover certain drugs that medicare does not. In addition, people who are enrolled in both Medicaid and Medicare will automatically qualify for Extra Help for people with limited incomes and resources available through Part D.

Medicaid also administers the federally funded Medicare Savings Programs.


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