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There are several public benefits programs that help low-income seniors and adults with disabilities pay for home energy costs.


The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) LIHEAP is a federally funded program that provides grants to states, territories, the District of Columbia and tribes to assist qualified individuals with their home heating and cooling costs.

The program works to ensure that low-income people do not have to choose between paying their energy bills and buying food or other basic necessities. In addition to assistance with energy bills, some funds are available to make improvements to homes and apartments to make them more energy efficient and reduce heating bills.

Each state has different qualifications for their LIHEAP program and different application processes. To find out more information visit the LIHEAP page at Administration for Children and Families or download our LIHEAP fact sheet.

Weatherization Assistance

The Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) enables low-income families to permanently reduce their energy bills by making their homes more energy efficient. Assistance is available regardless of whether a person owns or rents, lives in a single-family home, multi-family housing complex, or a mobile home. The U.S. Department of Energy provides funding to states, U.S. overseas territories, and Indian tribal governments, which manage the day-to-day details of the program.

Get more information on how to apply.

Emergency Assistance

Many states also offer emergency assistance to help low-income clients avoid having their utilities shut off. To find out what programs may be offered in your area, contact the National Energy Assistance Referral project at 1-866-674-6327 or TTY 1-866-367-6228.

Our fact sheet, Alternative Sources of Energy Assistance, explains several of these programs in more detail.


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